An experiment was conducted to assess (1) the interaction between global task motivation and motivational aspects of the environment (level of controls and autonomy-support present in the environment) and (2) gender differences with regard to this interaction. Forty male and forty female participants with high and low levels of self-determination towards relaxation attempted to learn relaxation using biofeedback in an either controlling or autonomy-supportive environment. The results confirm the notion that global task motivation and intervention style interact. Further, this interaction is qualified by a gender effect. The resulting triple interaction suggests that a different pattern of relations between the motivational aspects of the environment and level of self-determination emerges for men and women.

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