Création et financement des entreprises technologiques : les leçons du modèle israélien

In just several years, Israel developed a strong venture capital industry that places it among the top countries in terms of capital-GDP ratio. The strategy of the Israeli government was twofold. First, the government strongly stimulated the demand for venture capital, using R&D grants, technology incubators, close working relationships with universities and academic programs for high tech managers. Second, the Israeli government used hybrid funds to facilitate the emergence, in ten years, of an entire venture capital industry. Government intervention in the supply of capital was short-lived, but efficient. Israel's venture capital industry is now self sufficient and able to attract private and foreign funds. The Israeli model differs in many ways from various initiatives implemented in other countries. The study of this model can provide important insights for the revision of Quebec's policies and institutions.
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