The purpose of this study was to examine the factors that influence the use of contingent wokers. More than 250 Canadian organizations participed to the survey. Three class of determinants have been tested: environmental factors, work-force costs factors, and organizational flexibility factors. The model explained 19% of variance in intensity of use of contingent workers. The results suggest that the strategy of externalization of work is motivated much more by cost control considerations, and less by the research of organizational flexibility or by the nature of competitive environment and the structure of ownership.

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