Using census data from 1991 to 2006, we analyze the dynamic of inequality and poverty among immigrants in Canada. Our results show that these immigrants have seen their economic situation deteriorate and dynamics of low income, “poverty traps” and major inequalities persist in successive cohorts. Despite a level of education increased, the return to human capital has decreased between 1996 and 2006. Like most immigrants derive most of their income from the labor market, employment levels and wage distribution play a role in income distribution and economic welfare of immigrants

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