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Organizational and Individual Determinants of Atypical Employment: The Case of Multiple Jobholding and Self-Employment

Traditionally, the company has been attributed relative control over employees' career paths, particularly in the case of very active organizational management. However, the growing need for organizational flexibility has led to the increasing recourse to atypical work, which in turn contributes to consolidating new careers in which the themes of control and autonomy acquire new meaning. Of these forms of atypical work, multiple jobholding and self-employment have particularly intrigued researchers. Using data compiled by Statistics Canada, we have sought to identify, through logistic regression analyses, the factors that influence the probability of belonging to these two categories of atypical employment. Our results suggest that the influence factors are not identical for the non-standard two job categories studied. Sector of activity, sex and the absence of promotion have a considerable impact on the probability of joining the ranks of the self-employed, whereas professional category and frequency of movement significantly influence the probability of belonging to the multiple jobholder group. Our results also show that the makeup of the populations engaging in these two forms of atypical work is not homogeneous, and that belonging to one of these groups does not necessarily entail precarious living and working conditions.
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