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External Activity: 88th Congress of the Association Francophone pour le Savoir (ACFAS)

CIRANO-CReSP-LEEL-DEPPI Conference: Perception of risk and prevention behaviors in the context of COVID-19

Online Event

Tuesday 4 May 2021
From 9AM To 5PM

Event organized in collaboration with

 

 

Conference organized as part of the 88th ACFAS Congress held from May 3 to May 7, 2021

 

The current pandemic is causing great concern about the risks associated with COVID-19. The scientific literature documents that a majority of individuals have a strong tendency to make choices based on a worst-case scenario. A key point is the importance of providing the public with good evidence to help individuals make critical choices, including decisions about whether or not to go to work, whether or not to send their children to school, especially for parents who have children with medical conditions (e.g., children with asthma), etc., but also choices about whether to use the contact tracing application or whether to get vaccinated. These decisions may depend on many individual, cultural, social or economic factors. It is important to understand these factors in order to help public health deliver clear messages to improve adherence to recommendations such as barrier behaviors and prevention behaviors, and to target certain groups more specifically.

 

This conference focused on the study of the perception of risks associated with COVID-19 in Quebec with the analysis of different surveys on prevention behaviors among the general population, among targeted populations (parents of sick children, etc.) or on specific themes. A complementary analysis of data from conversations on social networks, notably Twitter (specifically concerning the vaccine), also allowed for the identification of certain concerns. A comparison of the results for Quebec was made with studies conducted in other countries, also looking at the evolution over time of the perception and prevention behaviors.

 

This conference was jointly organized by CIRANO, the Centre de recherche en santé publique de l'Université de Montréal et du CIUSSS du Centre-Sud-de-l'Ile-de-Montréal (CReSP), the Laboratoire d'économie expérimentale de l'Université Laval (LEEL), and the Disability, Employment, and Public Policies Initiative (DEPPI).

 

Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin, Full Professor at Polytechnique Montréal and President and Chief Executive Officer of CIRANO, was responsible for this conference.

 

Event Website

Yann Arnaud

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Thomas Bastien

Thomas Bastien is the Executive Director of the Association pour la santé publique du Québec. An agricultural engineer by training, he combines his knowledge in the fields of research, communications, education and community action to catalyze the programs offered by the Association pour la santé publique du Québec.

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Charles Bellemare

A CIRANO Researcher and Fellow since 2004, Charles Bellemare is Full Professor in the Department of Economics at Université Laval. He is also a member of Disability, Employment, and Public Policies Initiative (DEPPI).

Holding a Ph.D. in Enonomics from CentER, Tilburg University, his research interests focus on the study of the economic performance of immigrants, microeconometric methods and behavioural and experimental economics.

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Roxane Borgès Da Silva

A CIRANO Researcher and Fellow since 2015, Vice-President Research Funding, responsible of the CIRANO Pole on the Efficiency of Health Services and Policies and Main Researcher of the theme Demography and Health, Roxane Borgès Da Silva is Associate Professor in the Department of Management, Evaluation and Health Policy at the École de santé publique de l'Université de Montréal.

Holding a Ph.D. in Health Administration from the Université de Montréal, her research interests focus on the analysis and evaluation of health service organization and the development of performance and quality indicators. She is particularly interested in the evolution of the organization of front-line services and its effects on the use of population health services. She is also interested in the effects of health policies related to the organization of health services, professional practices and collaborations.

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Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin

A CIRANO Researcher and Fellow since 2003, Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin has been President and Chief Executive Officer of CIRANO since 2016, has been leading the Baromètre CIRANO project on risk perception in Quebec, which annually collects data on Quebecers' concerns on 47 social issues since 2011, is responsible of the CIRANO Pole on the Socio-economic Impacts of Digital Intelligence and Main Researcher of the theme Innovation and Digital Transformation. Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin is Full Professor in the Department of Mathematics and Industrial Engineering at Polytechnique Montréal. She is also a Visiting Scientist at Harvard T. Chan School of Public Health and an associate researcher at the Institute for Data Valorization (IVADO).

Holding a Ph.D. in Management Science (in risks and insurance management) from École normale supérieure de Cachan, her research interests focus on risk management and decision-making in different risks and uncertainty contexts as well as public policies. Her research combines economic analysis, cost-benefit analysis, survey data analysis, and more recently massive unstructured data analysis.

In 2008 she created the RISQH network to raise awareness and share experiences on risks management, and patient safety and quality of care in health care facilities.

She participated in the creation of the Montreal Declaration for a Responsible Development of AI.

She is also co-PI of the "Monitoring and Surveys" function at the International Observatory on the Societal Impacts of AI and Digital Technology.

She has published numerous scientific articles, several books and more than 30 reports for government and other organizations. She has given more than a hundred conferences and is regularly solicited to speak in the media.

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Olivier Drouin

Dr. Olivier Drouin is a pediatrician at CHU Sainte-Justine and Assistant Clinical Professor in the Department of Pediatrics at Université de Montréal. He is also an associate professor in the Department of Social and Preventive Medicine at the School of Public Health of the Université de Montréal.

He obtained his medical training at McGill University and then completed his residency in general pediatrics at the Montreal Children's Hospital and CHU Sainte-Justine. To this clinical training, Dr. Drouin added a Master's degree in Public Health at the University and a research fellowship in pediatric health care at the Massachusetts General Hospital before returning to Ste-Justine.  His areas of expertise include general pediatrics, public health, health services research and behavioral sciences. Over the past year, he has conducted multiple research projects on the impact of COVID-19 on children.

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Ève Dubé

Ève Dubé is a researcher in the infectious and immune diseases research area of the Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec-Université Laval. She is also an invited professor in the Department of Anthropology at Université Laval. She is also a researcher in the Scientific Group on Immunization at the Quebec National Institute of Public Health. Being a specialist of qualitative methods, her research focuses on the socio-cultural field surrounding infectious diseases prevention. She is particularly interested in vaccine hesitancy. She has led various projects in Quebec, Canada and in other countries to better understand why parents are hesitant toward vaccination and why some health professionals have doubts regarding vaccination. From 2012 to 2014, she was a member of the World Health Organization working group on Vaccine Hesitancy. She is currently leading the Social Sciences and Humanities Network of the Canadian Immunization Research Network, funded by the Public Health Agency of Canada and the Canadian Institutes for Health Research. She is also interested in translational research and is leading projects on this issue, mainly around nosocomial infections prevention.

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Carl-Ardy Dubois

A CIRANO Researcher since 2018, Carl-Ardy Dubois is Full Professor and Director of the Department of Health Management, Evaluation and Policy at the École de santé publique de l'Université de Montréal. He is also Dean of the École de santé publique de l'Université de Montréal, Regular Researcher at the Centre de recherche en santé publique (CReSP), the Interactions Research Centre of the ICSUH North Island of Montreal and the Réseau de recherche en interventions en sciences infirmières du Québec (RRISIQ).

Holding a Ph.D. in Public Health from the Université de Montréal, he previously completed a doctorate in medicine and graduate studies in health services administration, epidemiology and statistics. He did his post-doctoral studies at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, in collaboration with the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies.

Before joining ESPUM, Carl-Ardy Dubois was Professor at the Université de Montréal Faculty of Nursing. For 12 years, as a FRQS research fellow, he conducted a research program on the analysis of health service organization models, health human resource management and health service performance evaluation. He is currently pursuing several projects in the same fields. His contributions have been recognized, among others, by the Peter Reizensten Prize which was awarded to him in 2014 by the International Society for Quality in Health Care (ISQua).

Carl-Ardy Dubois Dubois has held several research leadership positions. From 2010 to 2014, he was Scientific Director of the FERASI Centre (Centre de formation et d'expertise en recherche en administration des services infirmiers). Along with two other Centre leaders, he co-led the development and implementation of the RRISIQ (Réseau de recherche en interventions en sciences infirmières du Québec), a consortium of seven Quebec universities. From 2012 to 2014, he was associate director of the network.

In recent years, Carl-Ardy Dubois has been regularly called upon by the MSSS and various organizations in the health network as an expert to study, evaluate and support the implementation of projects to reorganize services and work in various care sectors. Internationally, he has accompanied the ministries of health of several countries (Morocco, Algeria, Madagascar, Haiti, Togo, Congo¸ Guyana, Côte d'Ivoire) in projects to develop and implement health policies.

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Pierre Fontaine

Pierre Fontaine is a research assistant at the CHU Sainte-Justine Research Center.

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Sabine Kröger

A CIRANO Researcher and Fellow, Sabine Kröger is Full Professor in the Department of Economics at Université Laval. She is a member of Centre de recherche sur les risques, les enjeux économiques et politiques publiques (CRREP) and of Disability, Employment, and Public Policies Initiative (DEPPI), a joint research initiative of CRREP and of Centre interdisciplinaire de recherche en réadaptation et intégration sociale (CIRRIS). She is also Founder and Director of the Laboratoire d'Économie Expérimentale de l'Université Laval (LEEL).

Holding a Ph.D. in Economics from CentER, Tilburg University, her research interests are experimental economics, behavioral economics, subjective expectations and social preferences.

Sabine Kröger studies decision making under uncertainty and how "human traits" such as social preferences, social norms and cognitive shortcuts affect the decision-making process. In her research, she uses a combination of standard and innovative economic techniques. In particular, she is one of the pioneers in the use of Internet surveys to conduct economic experiments with representative samples of a population.

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Kim Lavoie

Kim Lavoie is Professor in the Department of Psychology at the Université du Québec à Montréal and Assistant Professor in the Department of Medicine at the Université de Montréal. She is also Co-Director of the Centre for Behavioural Medicine in Montreal, Co-Leader of the International Behavioural Trials Network (IBTN), Canada Tier 1 Research Chair in Behavioural Medicine, and Researcher in the Chronic Disease Research Axis at Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal. She is President of the Canadian Network for Health Behaviour Promotion and Change (CanChange) and an active member of the Canadian Hypertension Education Program (CHEP) Recommendations Working Group (Adherence Subcommittee). Finally, she is an internationally recognized expert in motivational communication: more than 10,000 health professionals have attended her professional development workshops in Canada, the United States, Europe (France, Spain, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, Portugal, Italy, Estonia, Great Britain), Australia and New Zealand. She currently holds several grants in the area of training and effectiveness of motivational communication for behavior change in chronic disease.

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Marine Leroi

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Richard Lessard

Richard Lessard is a consulting physician in public health. He was appointed Director of Public Health at the Centre intégré de santé et de services sociaux de Lanaudière for the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic. Director of Public Health in Montreal for 20 years, he has a long-standing interest in social determinants and the effects of social inequalities on health. He has served on the Board of Directors of Centraide of Greater Montreal and worked at the World Health Organization in Geneva, where he participated in the development of the Global Plan for Cancer Control.

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Adama Ousmane Mamadou

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Thomas G. Poder

A CIRANO Researcher since 2019, Thomas G. Poder is Assistant Professor in the Department of Health Management, Evaluation and Policy at the École de santé publique de l'Université de Montréal, a regular researcher at the Research Centre of the Institut universitaire de santé mentale de Montréal, and co-responsible for the Ecohealth group of the Quebec SRAP Support Unit.

Holding a Ph.D. in Economics from Clermont Auvergne University, his research interests are focused on measuring quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). He also specializes in Health Technology Assessment (HTA) and Health Preference Research (HPR). 

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Thierry Warin

A CIRANO Researcher and Fellow since 2001, Main Researcher of the theme World Economy, Researcher in charge of Mondo.international, Thierry Warin is Full Professor in the Department of International Business at HEC Montréal. He has a Professorship in Data Science for International Business. He is President of the International Trade and Finance Association, Member of the board of editors of International Journal of Economics and Business Research, Fellow of the Salzburg Global Seminar, Researcher at CERIUM-CEUE (Université de Montréal) and President and co-founder of the NGO Ed' Haïti.

Holding a Ph.D. in Monetary Economics and Finance from ESSEC Business School, his research is mainly on international economics and finance topics, with a particular focus on the European economic integration, while using Data Science as his main methodological approach.

Thierry Warin was Full Professor at SKEMA Business School Raleigh (Founder and Director of the SKEMA Global Lab in AI), Associate Professor at Polytechnique Montréal (Director of the International Projects Program), Associate Professor at Middlebury College (Director of the International Studies and IPE program) and Academic Director at SIE-Sun Yat Sen University in Guangzhou.

An alumnus of the Salzburg Global Seminar, a former Visiting Scholar at the Minda De Gunzburg Center for European Studies (Harvard University, 2005) and the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs (Harvard University, 2015-2017), he has authored numerous academic publications and books or special issues.

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Program

9:00 - 9:10
Opening remarks and presentation of the conference partners
9:10 - 9:30
Opening Conference - Public health: a crucial role in curbing the current crisis and preparing for the post-crisis period
9:30 - 10:30
Behaviours, perceptions and COVID-19: a cross-section of international and Quebec perspectives
9:30 - 10:00
Adherence to preventive behaviors and vaccination intentions worldwide: results of the iCARE study
Kim Lavoie
10:00 - 10:30
Perceived risks and adherence of the population to the prevention measures of the COVID-19: results of surveys conducted in Quebec since the 1st wave
Ève Dubé
10:30 - 10:45
Break
10:45 - 12:15
Prevention and COVID-19
10:45 - 11:45
Return to school in times of COVID - Determinants of parental decision
Olivier Drouin
11:45 - 12:15
Questions and discussion
12:15 - 13:30
Lunch
13:30 - 15:00
Vaccination and COVID-19
13:30 - 14:00
COVID-19 vaccination choice: what differences in the socio-demographic profiles of pro- and anti-vaccinators?
14:00 - 14:30
COVID-19 and vaccine hesitancy: A look at immigration
14:30 - 15:00
Vaccination and COVID-19: what are the determinants of vaccine hesitancy among parents of asthmatic children?
Pierre Fontaine
15:00 - 16:15
Information sources and COVID-19
15:00 - 15:30
Sources of information and parents' level of concern about COVID-19
15:30 - 16:00
Vaccination against COVID-19: A study of the dynamics of conversations on Twitter
16:00 - 16:15
Question period
16:15 - 16:45
Closing conference - The perspective of the public decision-maker
Richard Lessard
16:45 - 17:00
Closing remarks - How is the pandemic reshaping the culture of health in Quebec?
Thomas Bastien