L'analyse de l'influence de la pression des pairs dans les équipes de travail

This paper addresses the effects of peer pressure in work teams. Many empirical studies have shed light on the efficiency of peer pressure. Peer pressure can be defined as mechanisms of mutual monitoring and sanction established within a group of agents by the agents themselves in order to dissuade the members of the group from adopting a non-cooperative behavior. When work is organized in team production with profit sharing, theory predicts that compensing members of the team in proportion to the team's collective output provides a strong incentive to free ride on the efforts of others. However, because profits are shared, such structure also provide strong incentive to exert peer monitoring. Indeed a shirker do not reduce only his own payoff but also the payoff of every member of the team. We show in this paper that under some conditions, peer pressure increases cooperation.
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