Ph.D. in economics from the University of Ottawa, Sophie Bernard then did a postdoctoral fellowship at the École d'économie de Paris, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. In 2011, she became a professor in the Department of Mathematics and Industrial Engineering at Polytechnique Montréal. Sophie Bernard specializes in public policy for the environment and the management of end-of-life products. In particular, it works on remanufacturing, recycling, eco-design incentives for products and international trade in waste. She is particularly interested in the illegal waste market and extended producer responsibility. These subjects are part of the broader theme of the circular economy for which she has developed expertise.
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