Nickolas Gagnon, doctorant à l’Université de Maastricht et chercheur associé à l'Economic Science Laboratory de l’Université de l'Arizona, a présenté les faits saillants de son article « How Unfair Chances and Gender Discrimination Affect Labor Supply » (co-écrit avec Kristof Bosmans et Arno Riedl).
Résumé de l'article (anglais seulement) :
We investigate the causal impact of unfair chances stemming either from an unspecified source or from gender discrimination on a primary labor decision for workers: their ensuing labor supply at a given wage. We conduct an experiment in which workers individually engage in the same task for a fixed piece-rate wage. Workers are assigned to payment schemes with equal wages or with unequal wages generated through fair chances, unfair chances based on an unspecified source, or gender-discriminatory chances. Relatively low wages resulting from gender-discriminatory chances substantially reduce labor supply compared to equal low wages (-22%). The decrease is twice as large as the ones induced by low wages coming from fair chances and unfair chances based on an unspecified source. For workers with relatively high wages, all schemes generate similar labor supply. Our results highlight a novel supply-side effect of gender discrimination in labor markets.