In this study, we examine the phenomenon of the brain drain in Canada, specifically the loss of certain post-secondary graduates to the United States. Our analysis comprises three components: a descriptive analysis of the differences between graduates who stayed in Canada and those who moved to the United States; a multivariate analysis, to identify the determinant factors of the decision to move from Canada to the United States and the decision to return to Canada afterwards; and analysis to explain the wage differentials between stayers and movers. Using the data for the last three cohorts from the National Graduates Survey, we observe that the brain drain remains relatively marginal, affecting 2% of new graduates at most. We also note a slight decrease in the brain drain for the Class of 2005 compared with the Class of 2000 in the first two years after graduation. In addition, we identify a strong movement to return to Canada (some 48% of those who left between 2000 and 2005) or a strong intention to do so (61% of the graduates of 2000 still living in the United States in 2005). Striking differences emerge in connection with certain factors, however, including level of education and field of study. For example, PhDs are by far the most likely to move to the United States. That also holds true for graduates in the fields of mathematics, computer and information sciences and architecture, engineering and related technologies. The wage differences are also high, in the order of 27% to 40% higher for graduates working in the United States, of which only one third can be explained by a variety of observable factors. Finally, we find that the graduates of 2000 who returned to Canada after a stay in the United States earned, in 2005, up to 18% more on average than those who never left Canada, all other things being equal. Canada thus benefits from the brain drain when it is not permanent. Whatever the case, we do not believe that at current levels, the brain drain of post-secondary graduates to the United States requires specific intervention on the part of public policymakers. However, the phenomenon should be monitored on an ongoing basis, as it may evolve in the future.

Voir le document

Dernières publications

2017MO-03 MO
Méthodes avancées d’évaluation d’investissements / Advanced Methods of Investment Evaluation - Tome 2
Marcel Boyer
Voir le document

2017MO-02 MO
Méthodes avancées d’évaluation d’investissements / Advanced Methods of Investment Evaluation - Tome 1
Marcel Boyer
Voir le document

2017s-08 CS
An experimental investigation of rating-market regulation
Claudia Keser, Asri Özgümüs, Emmanuel Peterlé et Martin Schmidt
Voir le document

2017s-07 CS
Statistical tests of the demand for insurance: an “all or nothing” decision
Anne Corcos, François Pannequin et Claude Montmarquette
Voir le document

2017RP-02 RP
Politiques favorables à l’innovation en santé
Nadia Benomar, Joanne Castonguay, Marie-Hélène Jobin et François Lespérance
Voir le document


Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en analyse des organisations
1130 rue Sherbrooke Ouest, suite 1400
Montréal, Québec (Canada) H3A 2M8
(514) 985-4000
(514) 985-4039
reception@cirano.qc.ca

© 2017 CIRANO. Tous droits réservés.



Partenaire de :