Newsletter - December 2021


On Behalf of the entire CIRANO team, I present you my best wishes for the new year 2022! Take care of yourself and your loved ones.

Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin,

President and Chief Executive Officer

CIRANO was present at the « Forum d’orientation de la recherche sur les impacts économiques des changements climatiques »
tw CIRANO was present at the « Forum d'orientation de la recherche sur les impacts économiques des changements climatiques » organized by the Fonds de recherche du Québec, the Government of Quebec and Ouranos which gathered nearly 150 participants. Several CIRANO researchers participated in the workshops, including Justin Leroux (HEC Montréal / CIRANO researcher and Fellow and main researcher of the Sustainable Development theme) and Charles Séguin (ESG UQAM and CIRANO researcher). Ingrid Peignier (Senior Director of Partnerships and Research Valorization at CIRANO) intervened as a panelist to underline the importance of taking into consideration the interdependence of sectors of activity and the economic structure of a region when assessing the economic impacts of climate change.
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« Workforce and Talent » Forum, Grand rendez-vous de l'innovation Québécoise
tw The Grand rendez-vous de l'innovation québécoise was the culmination of the consultations held in recent months on the next Quebec research and innovation strategy. As part of this event, CIRANO and the Commission des partenaires du marché du travail (CPMT) organized the Workforce and Talent Forum, a morning of reflection and work on November 19 to define elements of action plans to stimulate innovation.
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CIRANO collaborated to the panel of experts on the reflections of the budgetary rules in Quebec
tw Following the presentation of the 2021-2022 budget in March 2021, Quebec's Minister of Finance, Eric Girard, called upon the academic economist community to examine Quebec's balanced budget and debt reduction legislation and to propose ways to improve it. CIRANO has been invited by the Chaire en fiscalité et finances publiques (CFFP) of the Université de Sherbrooke to contribute, along with the  Comité des politiques publiques de l’Association des économistes québécois and the Institut du Québec, to the exchanges in response to the Minister of Finance request. About twenty experts, including 4 CIRANO researchers and Fellows (Luc Godbout, Marcelin Joanis, Pierre-Carl Michaud and Miville Tremblay), participated in the panel
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Michel Magnan and Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin, panelists at the «Rendez-vous» of the Autorité des marchés financiers
tw The «Rendez-vous» of the Autorité des marchés financiers was held on November 22. Michel Magnan, Distinguished Research Professor, Concordia University and Researcher and Fellow, CIRANO and Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin, Professor at Polytechnique Montréal and CIRANO researcher and CEO participated as panelists at the event.  During the opening speech of the «AMF Rendez-Vous», the CEO, Mr.Louis Morisset, presented the first results of the ongoing CIRANO study on the adoption of cryptoassets in Quebec.  
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Jean-Philippe Meloche, speaker at the « Infrastructure Financing and Public Transit » webinar
tw Jean-Philippe Meloche, professor at the École d'urbanisme et d'architecture de paysage, Université de Montréal, main researcher of the Territories theme and CIRANO Fellow, was invited along with Harout Chitilian, vice-president of affaires corporatives, développement et stratégie à CDPQ Infra, and Karl Rettino-Parazelli, independent journalist, to discuss various issues related to the economics of transportation, the financing of public transit infrastructure, as well as finance and public policy in urban transportation and real estate development during the webinar « Infrastructure Financing and Public Transit » organized by the Association des économistes Québécois on November 16.  
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Workshop - Analyzing unstructured data to support decision-making
tw This workshop aimed to provide an overview of research projects conducted at CIRANO using unstructured data analysis methodologies and to present the possibilities offered by these tools to address certain issues. Thierry Warin (HEC and CIRANO), Dalibor Stevanovic (UQAM and CIRANO), Robert Normand (CIRANO), Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin (Polytechnique Montreal and CIRANO) et Benoit Aubert (HEC and CIRANO) were present. The second part of the event was intended for CIRANO's partners, to allow them to discuss their issues and challenges with CIRANO researchers specialized in data science.
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tw After serving as Vice-Chairperson for two years, Mélanie Bourassa Forcier, Professor at the Faculty of Law of the Université de Sherbrooke, Main researcher of the theme Innovation and Digital Transformation and CIRANO Fellow, has been appointed interim Chair of the Patented Medicine Prices Review Board.   The PMPRB protects and informs Canadians by ensuring that the prices of patented medicines sold in Canada are not excessive and by reporting on pharmaceutical trends.  
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Roxane Borgès Da Silva received the «Distinction Santé durable Coup de cœur 2021» award from the Association pour la Santé Publique du Québec (ASPQ)
tw Roxane Borgès Da Silva, Associate Professor at the École de santé publique of the Université de Montréal, Responsible of the CIRANO Pole on the Efficiency of Health Services and Policies, Main researcher of the theme Demography and Health, Fellow and CIRANO Vice President, received the «Distinction Santé durable Coup de cœur 2021» award from the Association pour la Santé Publique du Québec (ASPQ). This award recognizes annually the excellence and the positive impact of the work of an individual or an organization on the population. It is intended primarily for people working in public health, public policy, education-research and community organizations.
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Publication of the CIRANO 2021 Barometer - Risk perception in Quebec
tw Written by Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin, Professor at Polytechnique Montréal, CEO, researcher and Fellow CIRANO, and by Ingrid Peignier, Senior director of Partnerships and Research Development and Project Director, (with the collaboration of Thomas Gleize and Juliette Lhuisset) the CIRANO 2021 Barometer - Risk Perception in Quebec provides an update on Quebecers' concerns and perceptions of 54 societal issues, such as access to health services and education, climate change, vaccination, data sharing, the public debt, the rising cost of living, real estate and major energy projects.
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Participate to the CIRANO survey on the adoption of cryptocurrencies in Quebec
tw Are you a Quebec resident and interested in crypto-currencies? Do you own one? Have you owned any? Are you thinking about owning one?  The Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en analyse des organisations (CIRANO) invites you to participate in a study that will provide a better understanding of the determinants and level of adoption of cryptocurrencies in Quebec.  Many thanks in advance for your participation! 
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« Perceptions of Climate Change Risks and Quebecers' Behaviors: A Portrait at the COP26 »
tw In the context of the 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) held in Glasgow from November 1 to 13, 2021, Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin, Full Professor at Polytechnique Montréal and CIRANO Fellow and Ingrid Peignier, CIRANO Senior Director and Project Director, have published an article in the Perspectives series: CIRANO Barometer on Risk Perception in Quebec "Perceptions of Climate Change Risks and Quebecers' Behaviors: A Portrait at the COP26". This article provides important elements for the implementation of public prevention policies and, in particular, for encouraging behavioural change. The data presented provide a better understanding of Quebecers' perceptions of climate change and their concerns, as well as a portrait of their behaviours, whether we are talking about investment behaviours, transportation behaviours or behaviours with respect to a tax system for polluting emissions. The results show a general awareness of climate change.
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Launch of the project « AI AND SUSTAINABLE FINANCE »
tw How will artificial intelligence (AI) help financial and investment institutions in the evaluation and communication of environmental, social and governance (ESG) criteria of their investments? The November 16 event was a launch of the « AI and Sustainable Finance » project, a partnership of Algora Lab, CIRANO and Fin-ML, which addresses this issue in two ways: 1) ESG Impact Assessment through AI   2) Ethics and Responsible Finance
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Webinar - High School Dropouts in Québec: Results and policy simulation
Monday, November 8, 2021
Christian Belzil, professor at Paris Polytechnic Institute and ENSAE, CIRANO researcher and Fellow presented the highlights of the CIRANO report « High School Dropouts in Québec: Results and policy simulation ». This report was co-authored by Arezoo Banihashem, Department of Economics at Concordia University and CIRANO, Jörgen Hansen, Full Professor in the Department of Economics at Concordia University and CIRANO researcher.
Workshop: Joint Montreal Macro Brownbag
Thursday, November 18, 2021
The Joint Montreal Macro Brownbag gives Montreal-based researchers in macroeconomics the opportunity to meet and discuss each others’ work. The event brought together researchers from all economics departments in Montreal and promotes their collaboration.
Webinar - Job-related training in a context of digital transformation: The current status
Friday, November 26, 2021
Benoit Dostie, full professor in the Department of Applied Economics at HEC Montréal, CIRANO Fellow, Genevieve Dufour, CIRANO Director of Major Collaborative Projects and Marius Vigne (HEC Montréal) presented the highlights of the CIRANO report « La formation liée à l’emploi dans un contexte de transformation numérique: état de la situation » (co-authored with Marius Vigne). This research draws on two new modules added to the ELIA questionnaire on Skills Self-Assessment and Job-Related Structured Training. With this information, we examine the means used by Quebec workers to improve their skills, and compare these means to those used by workers in the rest of Canada. The results show that Canadian workers use a wider variety of means to train compared to Quebec workers.   
Webinar - Reducing food waste by Quebec consumers
Monday, November 29, 2021
Jacinthe Cloutier, Assistant Professor in the Department of Agri-Food Economics and Consumer Sciences at Université Laval and CIRANO researcher and Marie-Claude Roy, lecturer at Université Laval, presented the highlights of the CIRANO report « Reducing Food Waste by Quebec Consumers ». This report presents the results of a study that aimed to better understand consumer behavior regarding food waste and to identify the best strategies for reducing it.  A literature review on existing strategies, a survey, a food waste diary and focus groups were conducted to propose solutions to reduce food waste in households as well as in service sector businesses.
Webinar - The Education-to-Work Transition of International Students: The Role of Cooperative Education Programs (Co-op)
Tuesday, December 7, 2021
Ali Béjaoui, Associate Professor in the Department of Industrial Relations at the Université du Québec en Outaouais, researcher and Fellow CIRANO, presented the highlights of the CIRANO report « The Education-to-Work Transition of International Students: The Role of Cooperative Education Programs (Co-op) » on December 7th.  An event in relation with CIRANO's thematic year: Skills and the Labour Market
Launch of the Bilan de la fiscalité au Québec - 2022 Edition
Friday, January 14, 2022
The Chaire en fiscalité et en finances publiques (CFPP) organize the launch of the 2021 edition of the Bilan de la fiscalité au Québec on January 14, 2022 from 11:45 am to 1:15 pm. The event is organize in collaboration with the Association de planification fiscale et financière (APFF) and the Ordre des CPA du Québec.   Using briefly explained graphs and tables, the report identifies a series of important indicators of the Quebec tax system, its evolution over time, as well as interprovincial and international comparisons. It will be moderated Stéphanie Grammond, chief editorialist of La Presse, the Quebec Minister of Finance, Mr. Eric Girard, as well as Luc Godbout, Professor of Taxation at the Université de Sherbrooke, Holder of the Chair, researcher and Fellow CIRANO will be present as speakers.
Informations and registration
Working Papers
The fiscal and welfare effects of policy responses to the Covid-19 school closures (Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln, Dirk Krueger, André Kurmann, Étienne Lalé, Irina Popova, ...)
Cultural and public services as factors of city resilience ? Evidence from big plant closures and downsizing (Kristian Behrens, Manassé Drabo, Florian Mayneris)
School Closures and Effective In-Person Learning during COVID-19: When, Where, and for Whom (André Kurmann, Étienne Lalé)
Saving household production-cum-consumption time: implications for international trade in trash (Ngo Van Long)
Efficiency-inducing tax credits for charitable donations when taxpayers have heterogeneous behavioral norms (Ngo Van Long)
Perception des risques au Québec - Baromètre CIRANO 2021 (Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin, Ingrid Peignier )
Perceptions des risques liés aux changements climatiques et comportements des Québécois : un portrait à l’heure de la COP26 (Ingrid Peignier, Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin)
For reflection...
Une réflexion sur les grands défis liés à la transformation des milieux de travail (Sylvie St-Onge, Camille Sauvé-Plante)
Project Reports
Réduction du gaspillage alimentaire des consommateurs Québécois (Jacinthe Cloutier, Marie-Claude Roy)
Les pratiques numériques des professionnels au Québec - État des lieux et pistes de réflexion pour accompagner le virage numérique (Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin, Christophe Mondin)
All publications