To ease the financing of growing SMEs, governments found or indirectly fund venture capital companies. These companies act in a context of extreme information asymmetry and potentially exorbitant agency costs. The rigorous governance of these companies is thus pivotal to their performance. We analyze the financial reporting guidelines put in place for American SBICs by the Small Business Administration, along with the valuation guidelines issued by venture capital associations and institutions in several countries. SBICs are subject to rigorous uniform financial reporting and valuation standards, which likely partly explains their performance in recent years. We also describe the efforts of diverse institutions to develop venture capital valuation guidelines. The most rigorous methods entail filing the initial terms of the financial deal, which could allow more efficient control of the selection process of investments. The Quebec government would benefit from implementing more rigorous reporting and valuation guidelines.

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