This paper studies the impact of environmental policies when firms can adjust product design as they see fit. In particular, it considers cross relationships between product design dimensions. For example, when products are designed to be more durable, this may add production steps and increase pollutant emissions during production. More generally, changes applied to one dimension can affect the cost or environmental performance of other dimensions. In this theoretical model, a firm interacts with consumers and a regulator. Before the production stage, the firm must choose the levels of three design dimensions: 1) energy performance during production, 2) energy performance during use, and 3) durability. Depending on the assumptions, the dimensions are said to be complementary, neutral, or competitive. The regulator can promote greener designs by applying targeted environmental taxes on emissions during production or consumption. The main results shed light on the consequences of modifying public policies. When some design dimensions are competitive, a targeted emission tax can result in environmental burden shifting, with an overall increase in pollution. This paper also explores the social optimum and the development of second-best policies when some policy instruments are imperfect. Under given conditions, a government would want to regulate and constraint the level of durability.

Voir le document

Dernières publications

2017RP-04 RP
Fonctionnement du marché des assurances privées de personnes dans le cadre de l’assurance médicaments et son encadrement réglementaire au Québec
Mélanie Bourassa Forcier, Pierre-Carl Michaud, Aurélie Côté-Sergent, Stéphanie Boulenger, Camille Lachance Gaboury et Claire Abbamonte
Voir le document

2017RP-04A RP
Fonctionnement du marché des assurances privées de personnes dans le cadre de l’assurance médicaments et son encadrement réglementaire au Québec (ANNEXES)
Mélanie Bourassa Forcier, Pierre-Carl Michaud, Stéphanie Boulenger, Aurélie Côté-Sergent, Claire Abbamonte et Camille Lachance Gaboury
Voir le document

2017s-12 CS
Policy relevance of applied economist: Examining sensitivity and inferences
Maurice Doyon, Stéphane Bergeron et Lota Dabio Tamini
Voir le document

2017RP-03 RP
La surqualification professionnelle chez les diplômés des collèges et des universités : État de la situation au Québec
Brahim Boudarbat et Claude Montmarquette
Voir le document

2017s-11 CS
The social cost of contestable benefits
Arye Hillman et Ngo Van Long
Voir le document


Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en analyse des organisations
1130 rue Sherbrooke Ouest, suite 1400
Montréal, Québec (Canada) H3A 2M8
(514) 985-4000
(514) 985-4039
reception@cirano.qc.ca

© 2017 CIRANO. Tous droits réservés.



Partenaire de :